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For 10 points possible Extra Credit, read the following article and answer the questions at the end.  Please type at least ½ page single spaced for a chance for full credit.

The Underage Drinking Epidemic

June 12, 2011 Parade Magazine (www.parade.com)




By Emily Listfield: Photos by Levi Brown

Linda B. (Names have been changed to protect minors and their parents)  and her husband were sound asleep when the phone rang at 2 a.m. Their oldest daughter, Rory, 18, had left two weeks earlier for her first year at a college in Connecticut. An honor student and athlete, Rory had never been in trouble. They didn’t think they had any reason to worry.  “When I picked up the phone, Rory was crying hysterically; she was completely disoriented,” Linda recalls. “She kept saying, ‘Mom, can you come get me?’ but she had no idea where she was—and we live hours away. I’ve never been that scared—she could barely speak.” Finally, Linda heard other people’s voices in the background and had Rory pass the phone to someone who told her where they were. While Linda stayed on the line with her daughter, her husband called campus security. When officials found Rory a few minutes later, her face was covered in blood. She had fallen and broken her nose, though she was so intoxicated that she hadn’t realized it. “She managed to tell me she’d been drinking something called Jungle Juice,” Linda recalls. 

Like many parents, Linda had never heard of the potentially lethal concoction. A syrupy mix of hard liquors and fruit juices, it often includes Everclear, whose alcohol content can be as high as 190 proof (a level banned in some states). Some kids throw in energy drinks for good measure. There are dozens of recipes for Jungle Juice online; one popular site calls it “Suicide in a Kettle.” (Here at CWU it is often called “Spodie”).

Kegs and watered-down beer have long been as much a part of the campus experience as trying to avoid early-morning classes. And it’s not exactly unheard of for teens in high school and even middle school to sneak into their parents’ liquor cabinets. What is new—and increasingly alarming to those confronting the issue—is the rising trend of extreme underage drinking. Such is the concern that the legal drinking age itself has come into question. Some argue that lowering it from 21 to 18 would help curb the behavior by demystifying alcohol. Critics point out that drunk-driving fatalities among teens have dropped greatly since the drinking age became 21 nationwide. But both sides agree that binge drinking is a growing problem.


FIGHTING BACK: Connecticut's then-attorney general, Richard Blumenthal, calls for a halt to alcoholic energy drink sales in November 2010.  [Photo: Mara Lavitt]

“We’re seeing kids coming in with blood alcohol levels in the mid-.3s, even .4, which is four to five times the legal limit for driving. That’s the level at which 50% of people die,” says Dr. Mary Claire O’Brien, an emergency medicine physician and associate professor at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in North Carolina who specializes in alcohol-related research. “Ten years ago, we saw those levels only in chronic alcoholics.” 

Adolescents tend to drink differently than adults. Their goal is not to sit around enjoying a glass or two of wine over the course of an evening. Rather, for many teens, the point is to get as drunk as possible, as quickly and cheaply as possible, in part to reduce the social anxiety rife at that age. Unfortunately, there are now more—and more dangerous—ways to accomplish this than ever before. The practice of mixing alcohol with super-caffeinated energy drinks; the marketing of flavored malt beverages in 23.5-ounce cans, each containing a serious dose of alcohol; a shift in preference from beer to hard liquor; and the influence of social media, through which kids avidly share Jungle Juice recipes and tales of their exploits, have all raised the stakes.

If you think your kids are immune, think again. According to the CDC, about 90% of all teen alcohol consumption occurs in the form of binge drinking, which, experts say, peaks at age 19. Forty-one percent of 12th graders report having had a drink in the previous 30 days, and by the time kids are in college, that number climbs to 72%. Approximately 200,000 adolescents visit emergency rooms each year because of drinking-related incidents, and more than 1,700 college students die. “Underage drinking doesn’t discriminate,” says Adrian Lopez, director of community outreach for the SoBeSober program for teens in Miami. “Whether you are an upper-middle-class, straight-A student or from an inner city, it impacts all demographics and communities. And it often peaks in May and June, when kids are celebrating proms and graduations. We call it ‘The Killing Season.’” 

Blackout in a Can


BINGE IN A CAN: One 23.5-ounce can of Blast malt beverage may contain the same amount of alcohol oas 4.7 12-ounce beers.

The craze for combining energy drinks, which can have far more caffeine than coffee or cola, with alcohol is particularly troubling. Dr. O’Brien first became aware of the phenomenon in 2006 when a student was brought in near-comatose. “The caffeine blocks the part of alcohol that makes you sleepy and might otherwise cause you to pass out. This enables you to drink far more than you might have. By the time many of these kids get to the hospital, they have to be put temporarily on respirators because of depressed breathing.” Disturbed by what they were seeing, Dr. O’Brien and her colleagues conducted a survey that year of 4,271 students from more than 10 universities in North Carolina. “We found that about a quarter of the kids who’d had a drink in the past 30 days said they were mixing alcohol with energy drinks, either the premixed kind or Red Bull and vodka. They got drunk twice as often and drank more per session than those who had alcohol without caffeine. They were much more likely to be injured, much more likely to be taken advantage of sexually or to take advantage of someone sexually, much more likely to drive drunk.” 

Colleges are on the front lines of this battle. Ramapo College in New Jersey banned energy drinks containing alcohol on campus in 2010 after a number of students were sent to the ER for alcohol-related reasons over a few weeks. James L. Gaudino, president of Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Wash., took similar action. “We banned alcoholic energy drinks when we became aware of the extraordinary threat they pose,” he says. “What shocked us was the hospitalization of 11 students after a single party.”

As outrage grew, the FDA stepped in, and last year essentially ordered the makers of four brands, including Phusion Projects, which sells the cult favorite Four Loko, to remove the caffeine. Four Loko was reformulated and is now back on the market. The sweetened beverage no longer contains caffeine, but each 23.5-ounce can may have the alcohol equivalent of four to five beers. (Three standard beers for a female and five for a male over a two-hour period is considered binge drinking.) Though it’s too early to tell if its popularity is abating, Four Loko, a.k.a. “Blackout in a Can,” has been a hit on YouTube, with more than 5,000 videos extolling its virtues.  

“Four Loko is everywhere,” says Gabby K., 17, a high school junior in New Jersey. “It tastes like candy, so you can drink a lot of it fast. It’s pretty potent and it only costs around $3 a can. It’s a faster way to get drunk without having to deal with the taste of liquor.” Gabby notes that the cans look a lot like iced tea. “It seems user-friendly,” she says. But she won’t drink it herself, pointing out that a number of kids in her school were hospitalized this year due to binge drinking. The makers of Four Loko reply: “We are fully committed to doing our part to ensure that our products are consumed legally and responsibly. Phusion Projects’ marketing message is clear: If you are under the age of 21, respect the law and do not drink.”


Even in its new incarnation, Four Loko falls into a category that teens love but that has authorities worried: flavored malt beverages. Like Four Loko, many of them are sold in brightly decorated 23.5-ounce cans and have an alcohol content of 12%. 

On April 21, attorneys general from 16 states co-signed a letter to Pabst, makers of the malt beverage Blast. “We believe the manufacture and marketing of this flavored ‘binge in a can’ poses a grave public safety threat,” the letter states. It cites concerns that Blast—with such varieties as strawberry lemonade and grape, a pervasive online presence, and the rap star Snoop Dogg as a spokesman—is aimed at underage drinkers. Jon Sayer, chief marketing officer of Pabst Brewing Company, issued this reply: “Blast is produced only for consumers above legal drinking age and is marketed as such.” The president of Anheuser-Busch, meanwhile, announced in late May that the company will lower the alcohol content in its 24-ounce flavored malt beverage Tilt from 12% by volume to 8%.

Drinking Games Go Hard-Core

Teens’ growing preference for hard liquor over beer is also setting off alarms. Dr. Michael Siegel, professor at the Boston University School of Public Health, recently completed a study of high school students. “We found that, by far, liquor is the beverage of choice. This definitely represents a change.”

Hard liquor is increasingly replacing beer in drinking games. “Kids easily drink seven or eight shots at a time,” Gabby says of her buddies. But Dr. O’Brien notes, “That’s low ballpark, from what we are seeing. Teens in our studies are having 10 or more drinks.”

Helene F., 20, a junior in college in Colorado, explains the appeal: “Everyone’s so much friendlier after a couple of drinks. It takes the pressure off. And if you want to get drunk quickly, shots are key. There’s a sense that you need to be wasted to go to a party, and if you’re not, you won’t have fun. Certain events, like Halloween and homecoming, it’s kind of guaranteed that kids are going to end up in hospitals.” After 14 students were hospitalized during a graduation celebration in 2008, Colby College in Maine studied the issue and, in 2010, banned hard liquor on most of the campus.

The Long-Term Damage

“The adolescent brain is much more sensitive to alcohol toxicity than adults’, including being vulnerable to cell death,” says Dr. Fulton Crews, director of the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine. “Adolescents showed much more frontal cortical damage than adults. We found that one high dose of alcohol caused significant loss of brain stem cells.”

Early drinking also poses a risk later in life. “If you start drinking early, you’re 40% to 60% more likely to become an alcoholic, regardless of family history,” Dr. Crews says. And studies indicate a potential for permanent memory impairment.



  1. The article states that adolescents drink differently than adults and tend to binge drink to “reduce the social anxiety” of being a teenager.  Do you agree that’s why teens get drunk more now than ever before?  Why or why not?
  2. Comment on the section “Blackout in a Can.”  List some of the risks for mixing alcohol and energy drinks.  Despite the risks involved, why do you think people still mix these drinks?  And, why do you think this kind of behavior basically stops after college?
  3. “Everyone’s so much friendlier after a couple of drinks. It takes the pressure off. And if you want to get drunk quickly, shots are key. There’s a sense that you need to be wasted to go to a party, and if you’re not, you won’t have fun. Certain events, like Halloween and homecoming, it’s kind of guaranteed that kids are going to end up in hospitals.” Is this the cultural norm at CWU?  Or is there another ‘cultural norm’ that says you can have fun without getting wasted?  Can there be two cultural norms in one school?  Discuss.


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For xxxxxxx points possible xxxxxxx Credit, read xxxxxxx xxxxxxx article xxxxxxx answer the xxxxxxx at the xxxxxxx Please xxxxxxx xxxxxxx least ½ xxxxxxx single spaced xxxxxxx a chance xxxxxxx full credit.

The xxxxxxx Drinking Epidemic

June xxxxxxx 2011 Parade xxxxxxx xxxxxxx align="right" xxxxxxx cellpadding="0" cellspacing="5" xxxxxxx width="402">



By Emily xxxxxxx Photos xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Brown

(Names xxxxxxx been changed xxxxxxx protect minors xxxxxxx their parents)  xxxxxxx her husband xxxxxxx xxxxxxx asleep xxxxxxx the phone xxxxxxx at 2 xxxxxxx Their xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Rory, 18, xxxxxxx left two xxxxxxx earlier for xxxxxxx first year xxxxxxx a college xxxxxxx Connecticut. An xxxxxxx xxxxxxx and xxxxxxx Rory had xxxxxxx been in xxxxxxx They xxxxxxx xxxxxxx they had xxxxxxx reason to xxxxxxx “When I xxxxxxx up the xxxxxxx Rory was xxxxxxx hysterically; she xxxxxxx xxxxxxx disoriented,” xxxxxxx recalls. “She xxxxxxx saying, ‘Mom, xxxxxxx you xxxxxxx xxxxxxx me?’ but xxxxxxx had no xxxxxxx where she xxxxxxx we live xxxxxxx away. I’ve xxxxxxx been that xxxxxxx xxxxxxx barely xxxxxxx Finally, Linda xxxxxxx other people’s xxxxxxx in xxxxxxx xxxxxxx and had xxxxxxx pass the xxxxxxx to someone xxxxxxx told her xxxxxxx they were. xxxxxxx Linda stayed xxxxxxx xxxxxxx line xxxxxxx her daughter, xxxxxxx husband called xxxxxxx security. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx found Rory xxxxxxx few minutes xxxxxxx her face xxxxxxx covered in xxxxxxx She had xxxxxxx and broken xxxxxxx xxxxxxx though xxxxxxx was so xxxxxxx that she xxxxxxx realized xxxxxxx xxxxxxx managed to xxxxxxx me she’d xxxxxxx drinking something xxxxxxx Jungle Juice,” xxxxxxx recalls. 

Kegs xxxxxxx watered-down beer xxxxxxx long been xxxxxxx much a xxxxxxx of the xxxxxxx experience as xxxxxxx xxxxxxx avoid xxxxxxx classes. And xxxxxxx not exactly xxxxxxx of xxxxxxx xxxxxxx in high xxxxxxx and even xxxxxxx school to xxxxxxx into their xxxxxxx liquor cabinets. xxxxxxx is new—and xxxxxxx xxxxxxx to xxxxxxx confronting the xxxxxxx the rising xxxxxxx of xxxxxxx xxxxxxx drinking. Such xxxxxxx the concern xxxxxxx the legal xxxxxxx age itself xxxxxxx come into xxxxxxx Some argue xxxxxxx xxxxxxx it xxxxxxx 21 to xxxxxxx would help xxxxxxx the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx demystifying alcohol. xxxxxxx point out xxxxxxx drunk-driving fatalities xxxxxxx teens have xxxxxxx greatly since xxxxxxx drinking age xxxxxxx xxxxxxx nationwide. xxxxxxx both sides xxxxxxx that binge xxxxxxx is xxxxxxx xxxxxxx problem.


FIGHTING BACK: xxxxxxx then-attorney general, xxxxxxx Blumenthal, calls xxxxxxx a halt xxxxxxx xxxxxxx energy xxxxxxx sales in xxxxxxx 2010.  [Photo: xxxxxxx Lavitt]

“We’re xxxxxxx xxxxxxx coming in xxxxxxx blood alcohol xxxxxxx in the xxxxxxx even .4, xxxxxxx is four xxxxxxx five times xxxxxxx xxxxxxx limit xxxxxxx driving. That’s xxxxxxx level at xxxxxxx 50% xxxxxxx xxxxxxx die,” says xxxxxxx Mary Claire xxxxxxx an emergency xxxxxxx physician and xxxxxxx professor at xxxxxxx Forest University xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Medicine xxxxxxx North Carolina xxxxxxx specializes in xxxxxxx research. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx ago, we xxxxxxx those levels xxxxxxx in chronic xxxxxxx />
Adolescents xxxxxxx to drink xxxxxxx than adults. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx is xxxxxxx to sit xxxxxxx enjoying a xxxxxxx or xxxxxxx xxxxxxx wine over xxxxxxx course of xxxxxxx evening. Rather, xxxxxxx many teens, xxxxxxx point is xxxxxxx get as xxxxxxx xxxxxxx possible, xxxxxxx quickly and xxxxxxx as possible, xxxxxxx part xxxxxxx xxxxxxx the social xxxxxxx rife at xxxxxxx age. Unfortunately, xxxxxxx are now xxxxxxx more dangerous—ways xxxxxxx accomplish this xxxxxxx xxxxxxx before. xxxxxxx practice of xxxxxxx alcohol with xxxxxxx energy xxxxxxx xxxxxxx marketing of xxxxxxx malt beverages xxxxxxx 23.5-ounce cans, xxxxxxx containing a xxxxxxx dose of xxxxxxx a shift xxxxxxx xxxxxxx from xxxxxxx to hard xxxxxxx and the xxxxxxx of xxxxxxx xxxxxxx through which xxxxxxx avidly share xxxxxxx Juice recipes xxxxxxx tales of xxxxxxx exploits, have xxxxxxx raised the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx /> If xxxxxxx think your xxxxxxx are immune, xxxxxxx again. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx the CDC, xxxxxxx 90% of xxxxxxx teen alcohol xxxxxxx occurs in xxxxxxx form of xxxxxxx drinking, which, xxxxxxx xxxxxxx peaks xxxxxxx age 19. xxxxxxx percent of xxxxxxx graders xxxxxxx xxxxxxx had a xxxxxxx in the xxxxxxx 30 days, xxxxxxx by the xxxxxxx kids are xxxxxxx college, that xxxxxxx xxxxxxx to xxxxxxx Approximately 200,000 xxxxxxx visit emergency xxxxxxx each xxxxxxx xxxxxxx of drinking-related xxxxxxx and more xxxxxxx 1,700 college xxxxxxx die. “Underage xxxxxxx doesn’t discriminate,” xxxxxxx Adrian Lopez, xxxxxxx xxxxxxx community xxxxxxx for the xxxxxxx program for xxxxxxx in xxxxxxx xxxxxxx you are xxxxxxx upper-middle-class, straight-A xxxxxxx or from xxxxxxx inner city, xxxxxxx impacts all xxxxxxx and communities. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx often xxxxxxx in May xxxxxxx June, when xxxxxxx are xxxxxxx xxxxxxx and graduations. xxxxxxx call it xxxxxxx Killing Season.’” 

Blackout xxxxxxx a Can


BINGE xxxxxxx xxxxxxx CAN: xxxxxxx 23.5-ounce can xxxxxxx Blast malt xxxxxxx may xxxxxxx xxxxxxx same amount xxxxxxx alcohol oas xxxxxxx 12-ounce beers.

The xxxxxxx for combining xxxxxxx drinks, which xxxxxxx far more xxxxxxx xxxxxxx coffee xxxxxxx cola, with xxxxxxx is particularly xxxxxxx Dr. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx became aware xxxxxxx the phenomenon xxxxxxx 2006 when xxxxxxx student was xxxxxxx in near-comatose. xxxxxxx caffeine blocks xxxxxxx xxxxxxx of xxxxxxx that makes xxxxxxx sleepy and xxxxxxx otherwise xxxxxxx xxxxxxx to pass xxxxxxx This enables xxxxxxx to drink xxxxxxx more than xxxxxxx might have. xxxxxxx the time xxxxxxx xxxxxxx these xxxxxxx get to xxxxxxx hospital, they xxxxxxx to xxxxxxx xxxxxxx temporarily on xxxxxxx because of xxxxxxx breathing.” Disturbed xxxxxxx what they xxxxxxx seeing, Dr. xxxxxxx and her xxxxxxx xxxxxxx a xxxxxxx that year xxxxxxx 4,271 students xxxxxxx more xxxxxxx xxxxxxx universities in xxxxxxx Carolina. “We xxxxxxx that about xxxxxxx quarter of xxxxxxx kids who’d xxxxxxx a drink xxxxxxx xxxxxxx past xxxxxxx days said xxxxxxx were mixing xxxxxxx with xxxxxxx xxxxxxx either the xxxxxxx kind or xxxxxxx Bull and xxxxxxx They got xxxxxxx twice as xxxxxxx and drank xxxxxxx xxxxxxx session xxxxxxx those who xxxxxxx alcohol without xxxxxxx They xxxxxxx xxxxxxx more likely xxxxxxx be injured, xxxxxxx more likely xxxxxxx be taken xxxxxxx of sexually xxxxxxx to take xxxxxxx xxxxxxx someone xxxxxxx much more xxxxxxx to drive xxxxxxx />

As outrage xxxxxxx the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx in, and xxxxxxx year essentially xxxxxxx the makers xxxxxxx four brands, xxxxxxx Phusion Projects, xxxxxxx sells the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Four xxxxxxx to remove xxxxxxx caffeine. Four xxxxxxx was xxxxxxx xxxxxxx is now xxxxxxx on the xxxxxxx The sweetened xxxxxxx no longer xxxxxxx caffeine, but xxxxxxx 23.5-ounce can xxxxxxx xxxxxxx the xxxxxxx equivalent of xxxxxxx to five xxxxxxx (Three xxxxxxx xxxxxxx for a xxxxxxx and five xxxxxxx a male xxxxxxx a two-hour xxxxxxx is considered xxxxxxx drinking.) Though xxxxxxx xxxxxxx early xxxxxxx tell if xxxxxxx popularity is xxxxxxx Four xxxxxxx xxxxxxx “Blackout in xxxxxxx Can,” has xxxxxxx a hit xxxxxxx YouTube, with xxxxxxx than 5,000 xxxxxxx extolling its xxxxxxx xxxxxxx /> “Four xxxxxxx is everywhere,” xxxxxxx Gabby K., xxxxxxx a xxxxxxx xxxxxxx junior in xxxxxxx Jersey. “It xxxxxxx like candy, xxxxxxx you can xxxxxxx a lot xxxxxxx it fast. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx potent xxxxxxx it only xxxxxxx around $3 xxxxxxx can. xxxxxxx xxxxxxx faster way xxxxxxx get drunk xxxxxxx having to xxxxxxx with the xxxxxxx of liquor.” xxxxxxx notes that xxxxxxx xxxxxxx look xxxxxxx lot like xxxxxxx tea. “It xxxxxxx user-friendly,” xxxxxxx xxxxxxx But she xxxxxxx drink it xxxxxxx pointing out xxxxxxx a number xxxxxxx kids in xxxxxxx school were xxxxxxx xxxxxxx year xxxxxxx to binge xxxxxxx The makers xxxxxxx Four xxxxxxx xxxxxxx “We are xxxxxxx committed to xxxxxxx our part xxxxxxx ensure that xxxxxxx products are xxxxxxx legally and xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Projects’ xxxxxxx message is xxxxxxx If you xxxxxxx under xxxxxxx xxxxxxx of 21, xxxxxxx the law xxxxxxx do not xxxxxxx align="right" border="0" xxxxxxx style="width:270px;" width="270">  

Even xxxxxxx its new xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Loko xxxxxxx into a xxxxxxx that teens xxxxxxx but xxxxxxx xxxxxxx authorities worried: xxxxxxx malt beverages. xxxxxxx Four Loko, xxxxxxx of them xxxxxxx sold in xxxxxxx decorated 23.5-ounce xxxxxxx xxxxxxx have xxxxxxx alcohol content xxxxxxx 12%. 

Hard xxxxxxx is xxxxxxx xxxxxxx beer in xxxxxxx games. “Kids xxxxxxx drink seven xxxxxxx eight shots xxxxxxx a time,” xxxxxxx says of xxxxxxx xxxxxxx But xxxxxxx O’Brien notes, xxxxxxx low ballpark, xxxxxxx what xxxxxxx xxxxxxx seeing. Teens xxxxxxx our studies xxxxxxx having 10 xxxxxxx more drinks.”
Helene F., xxxxxxx a junior xxxxxxx xxxxxxx in xxxxxxx explains the xxxxxxx “Everyone’s so xxxxxxx friendlier xxxxxxx xxxxxxx couple of xxxxxxx It takes xxxxxxx pressure off. xxxxxxx if you xxxxxxx to get xxxxxxx quickly, shots xxxxxxx xxxxxxx There’s xxxxxxx sense that xxxxxxx need to xxxxxxx wasted xxxxxxx xxxxxxx to a xxxxxxx and if xxxxxxx not, you xxxxxxx have fun. xxxxxxx events, like xxxxxxx and homecoming, xxxxxxx xxxxxxx of xxxxxxx that kids xxxxxxx going to xxxxxxx up xxxxxxx xxxxxxx After 14 xxxxxxx were hospitalized xxxxxxx a graduation xxxxxxx in 2008, xxxxxxx College in xxxxxxx studied the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx in xxxxxxx banned hard xxxxxxx on most xxxxxxx the xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Long-Term Damage

“The xxxxxxx brain is xxxxxxx more sensitive xxxxxxx alcohol toxicity xxxxxxx adults’, including xxxxxxx vulnerable to xxxxxxx xxxxxxx says xxxxxxx Fulton Crews, xxxxxxx of the xxxxxxx Center xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Studies at xxxxxxx University of xxxxxxx Carolina School xxxxxxx Medicine. “Adolescents xxxxxxx much more xxxxxxx cortical damage xxxxxxx xxxxxxx We xxxxxxx that one xxxxxxx dose of xxxxxxx caused xxxxxxx xxxxxxx of brain xxxxxxx cells.”

  • “Everyone’s xxxxxxx much friendlier xxxxxxx a couple xxxxxxx xxxxxxx It xxxxxxx the pressure xxxxxxx And if xxxxxxx want xxxxxxx xxxxxxx drunk quickly, xxxxxxx are key. xxxxxxx a sense xxxxxxx you need xxxxxxx be wasted xxxxxxx go to xxxxxxx xxxxxxx and xxxxxxx you’re not, xxxxxxx won’t have xxxxxxx Certain xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Halloween and xxxxxxx it’s kind xxxxxxx guaranteed that xxxxxxx are going xxxxxxx end up xxxxxxx hospitals.” Is xxxxxxx xxxxxxx cultural xxxxxxx at CWU?  xxxxxxx is there xxxxxxx ‘cultural xxxxxxx xxxxxxx says you xxxxxxx have fun xxxxxxx getting wasted?  xxxxxxx there be xxxxxxx cultural norms xxxxxxx one school?  xxxxxxx
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